Electronic Design

5-V-Only Circuit Generates Dial Tone

This circuit uses inexpensive, common components to generate a precise dial tone for phone applications (see the figure). U1 (an Intel 82C54 timercounter) generates 350- and 440-Hz square waves that are filtered by R1/C1 and R3/C2 and mixed together by resistors R2 and R4.

An operational amplifier configured as a 395-Hz, Sallen-Key, second-order bandpass filter (halfway between 350 and 440 Hz) removes unwanted signal harmonics.

Almost any timer-counter can be used as the signal source, so long as it produces roughly square wave outputs.

If a counter-timer device that provides an overflow pulse is used, flip-flops configured as dividers should be connected between the counter and the filter-mixer to generate square waves.

The node at the noninverting (+) input of op amp U2A has a high impedance and should be well shielded to prevent noise from entering the circuit.

A 220-pF (C5) capacitor was added between the (+) and (-) inputs of the op amp to reduce the high-frequency impedance at the noninverting input and also to reduce its susceptibility to noise.

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