Building security systems come in many system topologies, ranging from a simple alarm system to a complicated network of sensors that all report to a main security panel acting as a hub. These systems are either wired or wireless based on their deployment, and when wireless leverage many different types of connectivity to achieve their specific application. Some applications (like security cameras) use Wi-Fi® for a native connection to the cloud, while some smart applications (like door locks) use Bluetooth® low energy in order to connect to phones and tablets. Security systems based on sensor networks, such as smoke detectors, motion detectors, door/window sensors, and glass-break detectors, can benefit from using Sub-1 GHz networks.
Sub-1 GHz technology offers many advantages when designing a building security system, including achieving much longer range and better wall penetration than 2.4 GHz technology. This enables whole building coverage without the need for repeaters and without having to use a complicated mesh network topology. Sub-1 GHz is also very low power, enabling remote sensors to operate for 10 years on a coin-cell battery. This benefit offers system design flexibility, eliminating the need to route wires inside ceilings and walls.