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Two-Channel High-Side Switches Feature Extended Protection, Diagnostics

Dec. 15, 2020
Two new high-side switches developed by Rohm for automotive applications pack MOSFETs and control/protection functions into a single 16-lead IC.

There seems to be no limit to the need for switches in automotive applications for both low- and high-side power control. In addition to RDS(ON), which specifies the critical parameter of on-resistance, important concerns for these devices include their various levels of protection, diagnostics, and current limiting.

Targeting this market, Rohm Semiconductor introduced a pair of similar two-channel, high-side switches for 6- to 28-V supplies. They’re not just MOSFETs—the switches comprise monolithic power-management ICs with a control unit (CMOS) and power MOSFET on a single chip: the BV2HD070EFU-C, a 70-mΩ (typical), 10-A (minimum) device; and the similar BV2HD045EFU-C, a 45-mΩ (typical), 21-A (minimum) device.

These intelligent power devices (IPDs) are housed in HSSOP-C16 packages measuring 4.90 × 6.00 × 1.70 mm (Fig. 1). The AEC-Q100-qualified (Grade 1) devices feature built-in overcurrent protection, thermal-shutdown protection, open-load detection, and undervoltage lockout functions. They also include built-in double-error flags that make it possible to distinguish between two different fault types for each channel output, and a diagnostic output function for abnormality detection. Furthermore, a user-supplied external component can arbitrarily set the value for the overcurrent limit and the time to limit to achieve the optimum tailored overcurrent protection for the load.

A schematic diagram of a typical application shows the handful of passive comments needed when using these devices (Fig. 2). However, that drawing on a piece of paper—or its on-screen equivalent—is only part of the design-in story.

Beyond that schematic, the thermal performance in real layouts with actual circuit boards is a critical part of application analysis. As expected, the comprehensive 37-page datasheets for these devices (here for the BV2HD070EFU-C and here for the BV2HD045EFU-C) shows a basic layout footprint with track dimensions (Fig. 3), but then they go beyond that simple graphic.

In addition to the footprint image and dimensions, the datasheets show results of transient thermal performance when using single-sided, two-sided, and four-layer FR-4 printed circuit boards (Fig. 4). Detailed tables define all relevant test-condition layout dimensions, including board area and thickness, as well as copper track width and thickness.

“These smart IPDs allow users to develop optimized solutions for resistive, inductive, and capacitive loads in automotive applications, such as automotive ECUs and vehicle cabin climate control,” said Nobuyuki Ikuta, Senior Solutions Marketing Manager at Rohm USA.

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