Estimated to grow from $4 billion to $40 billion in the next five years,* the global commercial drone market has skyrocketed in recent years and shows no signs of abating. Yet, where the pace of technology outruns regulations, international standards are essential to ensure a minimum level of safety and quality. A new ISO standard has just been published to keep everyone in the industry on the same plane.
From delivering parcels to surveying cows in faraway pastures, the application of drones, also known as unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), has expanded into a wide number of uses. These include solutions to many of the world’s problems. Surveying or detecting forest fires as well as monitoring the status of water bodies and traffic jams are just some examples where they are proving their unique worth.
Ensuring everyone in this fast-growing industry is on the same page, however, is essential to ensure minimum safety and quality, not to mention coordination and organization in the airspace.
ISO 21384-3, Unmanned aircraft systems—Part 3: Operational Procedures, has just been published to meet that need. It is the first international standard for UAS and specifies internationally agreed and accepted requirements for safe commercial operations.
John Walker, chair of the ISO subcommittee that developed the standard, said there are hundreds of applications for small UAS alone that will benefit from this standard, including construction, safety, security, mining, and maritime operations.
“The range of applications is growing fast, but at the same time, the industry is very much in its infancy, and there are a number of key obstacles to overcome before large-scale commercialization is achieved,” he said. “ISO 21384-3 will help resolve those challenges through providing an airworthiness framework for the global UAS industry, allowing for safer and more widespread use.”
The committee is also working on several complementary standards that will address other aspects such as safety, quality, and terminology. These include ISO 21384-2, Unmanned Aircraft Systems—Part 2: Product Systems; ISO 21384-4, Unmanned Aircraft Systems—Part 4: Vocabulary; and ISO 23665, Unmanned Aircraft Systems—Training for Personnel Involved in UAS Operations.
“Together, these standards will enable the development of new applications for UAS far beyond that which we see now,” said Walker.
ISO 21384-3 was developed by ISO technical committee ISO/TC 20, Aircraft and Space Vehicles, Subcommittee SC 16, Unmanned Aircraft Systems, whose secretariat is held by ANSI, ISO’s member for the USA. It can be purchased from your national ISO member or through the ISO Store.
*Financial Times, November 28, 2019.