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Piezo Disks Deliver Vertical Haptic Feedback

Jan. 10, 2017
TDK uses piezo electric disks to deliver vertical haptic feedback efficiently and compactly.
1. TDK’s piezo electric disks have vertical displacement that makes them stand out in the haptic market.

I was recently at the 2017 Consumer Electronics Show (CES) looking for interesting and unusual technology. These gems are often found in the backrooms and hotel rooms where most attendees cannot enter. Such was the case with TDK, which had a number of interesting technologies. This is one of them.

TDK is using its advanced piezo-ceramic materials and processes expertise to bring a family of piezo electric disks (Fig. 1) to the haptic feedback market. They provide vertical displacement that can be controlled to provide a range of effects.

Most haptic feedback systems are implemented using an eccentric rotating mass (ERM), a linear resonant actuator (LRA), or simple piezo disks or bars (Fig. 2). They tend to generate global effects for a device, as well as deliver a limited amount of force. While they work for many applications, they tend to fall short for others (such as buttons). The more limited travel/displacement and force often make operation less useful when used with gloved hands.

2. Most haptic feedback systems are implemented using an eccentric rotating mass (ERM), a linear resonant actuator (LRA), or simple piezo disks or bars. (Click image to enlarge)

TDK’s design uses a multilayer, piezo-electric system (Fig. 3). It is currently available in two form factors: the 5N (12.7 mm2) and 20N (26 mm2) types. These can deliver 5 g and 15 g of force, respectively. The piezo effect has a constant volume change; metal cymbals are placed on the top and bottom of the stack to amplify this movement.

3. TDK’s design uses a multilayer system with a pair of cymbals on the top and bottom. (Click image to enlarge)

TDK’s thin piezo actuator are less than 2.5-mm high and tend to provide significantly better performance than the competition (Fig. 4). The solution is very thin while delivering superior acceleration with faster rise times under 2 ms. This allows a wider range of effects to be delivered. The force is also localized, which is more desirable in many applications (e.g., large buttons). Multiple actuators can be combined to provide other effects. Best of all, the system can provide sense feedback.

4. TDK’s piezo actuator has a faster rise time and delivers more force than the competition.

The parts will be showing up in applications ranging from whitegoods to industrial equipment. They are ideal for automotive applications, where users may be wearing clothing that could affect other solutions.

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