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Measure Self-Discharge Using OCV on Lithium-Ion Cells (.PDF Download)

One characteristic of lithium-ion cells is a phenomenon called self-discharge. The concept of self-discharge is simple: Take a cell, charge it up, measure its open-circuit voltage (OCV), and let it stand with nothing connected to it. Come back to the cell some time later and you will find the cell has a lower OCV, indicating that the cell is at a lower state of charge (SoC). If the SoC is lower, that means the amount of stored energy (i.e., stored Amp*Hours) in the cell is lower.  

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