Modern switched-capacitor (SC) integrated circuits (ICs) for IoT power solutions are monolithic with simple control and low electromagnetic interference (EMI). System energy and power-management techniques help continuously reduce IoT cost and power. Modern load applications for function modules like memories, radio, sensors, and processors must run on an ultra-low power budget.
Medical electronics, such as pacemakers, defibrillators, electronic watches, and so much more, rely on SC technology. The highly esteemed James Maxwell described the mathematical and operating principle of SC circuits about 150 years ago.